Functional Outcomes of Non-operative Treatment in Proximal Humeral Fracture of Adults


  • Mehtab Ali Shahani



Proximal humeral fractures, Non-operative, Bone health


Background:  The functional outcomes after non-operative treatment of proximal humeral fractures in adults required detailed understanding for improved health outcomes.

Objective: To identify the functional outcomes of non-operative treatment in proximal humeral fracture of adults.

Study Design: Prospective cohort study

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Orthopaedic, KMC Civil Hospital, Khairpur Mirs from 1st October 2020 to 30th September 2021.

Methodology: Fifty patients with proximal humeral fracture >45 years were treated with non-operative treatment protocol including 1 year follow-up. Patient’s radiological imaging was continued till one year and they were given a sling to wear for three week’s time. The treatment primary functional outcomes were assessed by Oxford Shoulder Score and EuroQol-5 Dimensions-3 Levels, while secondary functional outcomes were assessed by visual analog scale and university of California Los-Angeles scoring method.

Results: Mean age was 65.6±4.2 years with females as 74% and 26% males. Improvement in OSS was up to 48 points. One-year scores for OSS were mean 33.1 with 95% confidence of interval while it was 0.59 for EQ-5D-3L. Mean VAS pain score was 32.1 with 59.2 as VAS satisfaction score and UCLA activity score as 20.4.

Conclusion: Non-operative treatment for proximal humeral fracture in adults’ results in significant changes in shoulder-specific as well as improved health outcomes after one year.