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Introduction & Objectives: A disabled child causes many psychological problems in family members, especially the mother. Increasing resilience can help improve the mental state of these mothers. One of the useful activities in this field is Shoenaker's self-encouragement training and emotion regulation. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of Shoenaker's self-encouragement training and emotion regulation on the resilience of mothers with children with disabilities.

Materials and Methods: The method of this study was quasi-experimental (pre-test-post-test) using two experimental groups and a control group. Thirty-six mothers with disabled children were selected by the welfare of Erzurum by the available method and randomly divided into two experimental groups (15 people in each group) and one control group (12 people). For the first group of emotion regulation training (8 sessions; 2 weeks, one and a half hour sessions) and for the second group, Shoenaker's self- encouragement training (8 sessions; 2 weeks, one and a half hour sessions) was applied and the control group did not receive any training. All subjects completed the Connor and Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) before and after training. Univariate analysis of covariance was used to analyze the data.

Results: The results showed that the mean resilience scores in the emotion regulation training group increased significantly compared to the Shoenaker's self-encouragement group and in the Shoenaker's self- encouragement group compared to the control group in the post-test (p <0.05).

Conclusion: The results showed that emotion regulation training is more effective in promoting resilience of mothers with disabilities children than Shoenaker's self- encouragement.

Keywords: Emotion regulation, Shoenaker's self-encouragement, Resilience, Mothers, Children with disabilities

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