Comparison of the Incidence of Lower Segment C Section in Obese and Non-Obese Pregnant patients
Wajiha Rizwan, Saba Ilyas A. Malik, Ayesha Saif, Humaira Durrani, Natasha Bushra, Ambreen N., Shahnaz K.
Aim: To compare the incidence of lower segment cesarean section in obese and non-obese pregnant patients presenting in a tertiary care setting (Punjab Rangers Teaching Hospital Lahore).
Study Design: Cohort study.
Place of study: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of Punjab Rangers Teaching Hospital Lahore.
Methodology: 100 patients were selected and divided in two groups. In group I were included 50 obese pregnant patients and in group II, 50 non obese pregnant patients were included. After informed consent, detailed history taken regarding patient’s profile, age, parity and LMP. Their weight and height checked.BMI was calculated at the time of admission. Both groups were followed till delivery and mode of delivery (SVD/LSCS) was noted.
Results: Total number of patients 100. 50 patients in group I and 50 in group II. In group I (obese, BMI>30Kg/m2),there was an increased incidence og LSCS (41.8%) as compared to group II( non obese, BMI<30 kg/m2) where LSCS rate was 21.8%.
Conclusion: Maternal obesity leads to increased incidence of LSCS in obese patients.
Keywords: Obesity, BMI (body mass index), LSCS( lower segment cesarean section)