mellitus (DM) is an emergent threat to public health, causing a burden of
devastating complications and related health issues. In the modern era, the
management of DM has greatly depended on awareness and knowledge dissemination
and patient education about its significance.
Aim: To evaluated
the awareness and understanding of DM complications among patients with
Place and duration of study:
Family Medicine Clinics in Faisalabad from 1st Sep to 31st
Methodology: One thousand, one hundred and eighty diabetic
patients with age over 14 years from urban and rural areas were included.
Non-consenting and seriously ill patients were excluded. A structured
interviewer-administered questionnaire based on demographics, personal and
familial diabetic history and diabetes complications-related awareness items
patients were symptomatic, and 16.3% had an incidental diagnosis. Most of these
patients were suffering from type 2 DM, and more than 40% never had their HbA1c
level checked. Comprehensive assessment of awareness relating to diabetes
complications showed that 75.8% knew about muscle weakness, lower limb
sensory defect (76.9%), eye problems (70.4%), infections (66.8%), foot
complications like amputation (63.1%) and hypertension (62.9%). A significant
association was found between age and diabetic history with respect to
diagnosis and familial history of diabetes (p<0.05). Moreover, the awareness
of DM complications was significant among the patients aged 41 to 65 years (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Most of the enrolled patients were aware of
complications of diabetes, including muscle weakness, lower limb sensory
defect, eye problems, infections, foot complications like amputation and
hypertension. Female gender and patients aged 41 to 65 years had a
significantly greater understanding of diabetic complications.