Background: Measles is strongly
linked with several complications and with elevated mortality rates. The
leading mortality and morbidity causing complication includes the otitis media,
broncho-pneumonia, croup, diarrhea and encephalitis.
Aim: To assess the complication related to measles
among children who were malnourished.
Methodology: The study
opted an observational cross-sectional design. The entire study population was children
having measles visiting the outpatient department at National Institute of
Child Health (NICH), Karachi from April 2018 to September 2018. The children were
assessed through various clinical and laboratory tests. A sample size of total
71 children was suggested for the current study. Out of the total only 10 children
were rejected due to uncomplete responses to the proforma or due to the
unwillingness. Hence, a total of 61 respondents amply responded to the proforma
and were included in the study. The data analysis was performed later using a
statistical computer program named SPSS version 21.0.
Results: A total of 61
children were analyzed in this study. The average age of the children was 1.1±0.9
years. 31(50.8%) of the children were below one year, 21(34.4%) were between
the range of 1 to 5, 7(11.5%) were between 6-10 and 2(3.3%) were above ten
years of age. Among all children, 38(62.3%) were boys and remaining 23(37.7%)
were females. Only 4(6.6%) of the children were reported with weight loss, 21 (34.4%)
with diarrhea, 14(23%) were vomiting, and only 2 were presented with fits.
Conclusion: It is
concluded from the study that the leading measles complications among
malnourished children were reported to be as pneumonia, upper respiratory tract
infection and gastroenteritis.
Keywords: Conjunctivitis; Measles; Morbillivirus;
Malnourished children; Pneumonia