Hafsah Arshad, Kinza Anwar, Hafsah Gul Khattak, Imran Amjad, Yaser Majeed
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences




Peer Reviewed

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Effect of Brain Training Game on Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) in Older Adults

Hafsah Arshad, Kinza Anwar, Hafsah Gul Khattak, Imran Amjad, Yaser Majeed



2272



ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine effects of Kinect- based games on neurocognitive functions in older adults with mild cognitive impairment.

Methodology: A quasi experimental pre-post trail was conducted on 18 mild cognitive impairment (MCI) older adults. The subjects were recruited to access cognitive impairment through purposive sampling technique. The inclusion criteria were elderly aged ≥ 50 years, both genders, able to read and write, whereas older adults with severe cognitive impairments, neurological disorders and un controlled comorbidities were excluded. Brain training was provided for 30 minutes with 5-minute warm-up time and 5-minute cool-down time for 6 weeks. Blind assessor measured readings at baseline and after six weeks. The outcome measures were Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA), Trail making test A & B and verbal fluency test (Semantic &Phonemic). The data was analyzed at baseline and after six weeks of intervention

Results: Significant improvements were observed in post-test measurements (p <0.05) in MMSE, MoCA, TMT A & B and verbal fluency (Semantic &Phonemic) tests after 6 weeks of treatment.

Conclusion: Kinect-based virtual reality games are beneficial in improving cognitive abilities of older adults with mild cognitive impairment.

Keywords: Cognitive training, Mild cognitive impairment, Montreal Cognitive Assessment,



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