Aim: To determine the frequency of common histopathological findings among patients having endometrial thickness >5mm and having atypical bleeding of uterus.
Study design: Descriptive and cross sectional study
Study settings: Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Kishwer Fazal Teaching Hospital, Sheikhupura from 1st October 2020 to 31st March 2021.
Methodology: One hundred and twenty patients were enrolled. Patients were aged between 45 to 60 years. Patient’s detailed demographics including age, parity, socioeconomic grade and body mass index were recorded post written informed consentreceival. Patients having endometrial thickness >5mm with abnormal uterine bleeding were included in this study.All the patients were undergone for transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS). Outcomes were histopathological findings observed.
Results: The patients mean age was found to be 51.16±4.88 years with mean body mass index 27.24±4.63 kg/m2. Thirty five (29.2%) patients had parity I and 85 (70.8%) patients had parity II. Forty two (35%) patients had high socioeconomic status and 78(65%) were from low socio economic status. Majority of the patients 80(66.7%) were from rural areas. Secretory and proliferative were the most common histopathological findings found in (45.83% and 26.7%) patients. Frequency of endometrial carcinoma was found among 97(80.8%) cases.
Conclusion: The most common histopathological findings were secretory and proliferative and frequency of endometrial carcinoma was too high. Endometrial anomalies can be excluded by transvaginal ultrasonography and is strongly useful in the evaluation of abnormal bleeding from the uterine.
Keywords: Endometrial, Transvaginal ultrasonography, Uterine bleeding