Nesr Farooq, Hafiz Waqar Ahmad Ghauri, Asad Zaman Khan, Abdul Bari Kakar, Muhammad Amin, Chakar Tajwidi

Frequency of Dry Eye in Glaucoma Patients Using Topical Anti-Glaucoma Therapy

Nesr Farooq, Hafiz Waqar Ahmad Ghauri, Asad Zaman Khan, Abdul Bari Kakar, Muhammad Amin, Chakar Tajwidi



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ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine the prevalence of dry eye in glaucoma patients using topical anti-glaucoma therapy.

Study Design: Descriptive observational study

Place and duration of study: Department of Ophthalmology, Shalimar Medical & Dental College Lahore from 1st November 2020 to 30th April 2021.

Methodology: Ninety patients of both genders were enrolled. Detailed demographics of enrolled cases age, sex and body mass index were recorded after taking informed written consent. Patients using topical anti-glaucoma therapy for more than 8 months and having symptoms of stinging and burning sensations itching, watering, irritation, due to regular use of topical antiglaucoma drugs were presented. Basal Schrimer’s test and tear film break-up time test was used to measure the frequency of dry eye syndrome as mild, moderate and severe.

Results: There were 60 (66.7%) females and 30 (33.3%) patients were males. Mean age of the patients were 45.61±7.66 years with mean BMI 26.24±8.71 kg/m2. We found that 40 (44.4%) patients had burning and stinging sensations, itching found in 21 (23.3%), dry eye sensations were found in 16 (17.8%) patients and watering and irritation found in 13 (14.4%) .According to tear film break-up time test 20 (22.2%) cases did not show dry eye syndrome and 19 (21.1%) patients were normal in Basal Schrimer’s test.

Conclusion: Use of topical anti-glaucoma medication resulted in dry eye syndrome as well as a decrease in the tear film's stability.

Keywords: Anti-glaucoma therapy, Basal Schrimer`s test, Tear film break-up time, Anti-glaucoma therapy, Dry eye syndrome



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