Bilal Rasool, Hina Akbar, Anees Muhammad, Muzammil Riaz Malik

Frequency of Pre-Eclampsia Induced Acute Kidney Injury

Bilal Rasool, Hina Akbar, Anees Muhammad, Muzammil Riaz Malik



Aim: To determine the frequency of preeclampsia induced acute kidney injury in patients presenting in a tertiary care hospital.

Study design: Cross sectional study.

Study setting: Department of Nephrology, KEMU/Mayo Hospital Gynecology, Lady Atchison Hospital Lahore,

Methodology: All 180 pregnant females having acute kidney injury as per operational definition between 15 years to 50 years presenting in 3rd trimester of pregnancy for delivery were included in study after taking informed consent. Pregnant females with Blood Pressure >140/90mmHg after 20 weeks of pregnancy and laboratory investigation i.e. proteinuria were recorded. All investigations were done from laboratory of KEMU /Mayo hospital Lahore. After the diagnosis was made, the patients were treated according to the guidelines in hospital setting.

Results: In this study, out of 180 cases, 118(65.56%) were between 15-32 years of age whereas 62(34.44%) were between 33-55 years of age, mean±SD was calculated as 30.21±5.35 years, mean blood pressure of the patients was recorded as 154.27±108.15mmHg, mean serum creatinine of the patients was calculated as 4.39±0.28 mg/dl, frequency of urinary protein was recorded as 62(62.22%) while 68(37.78%) patients had no proteinuria, frequency of preeclampsia induced AKI in pregnancy was recorded in 47(26.11%).

Conclusion: Frequency of preeclampsia induces acute kidney injury is very high and it must be diagnosed and treated appropriately in time to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity.

Keywords: Pre-eclampsia, acute kidney injury, frequency

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