Noman Ullah Wazir, Jehanzeb Khan, Zilli Huma, Farooq Khan, Nighat Ara, Ambereen Humayun

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Counter effects of Vitamin E against Outcomes of Alcohol Toxicity in Pancreatic Acini: Histomorphometric Study

Noman Ullah Wazir, Jehanzeb Khan, Zilli Huma, Farooq Khan, Nighat Ara, Ambereen Humayun



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ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the effects of alcohol on the microscopic morphology of the exocrine pancreas and blood serum amylase and to explored that if vitamin E has a protective role against alcohol-induced damage in the pancreas of rabbits.

Study design: Analytical experimental study

Place and duration of study: Departments of Anatomy, Pathology and Pharmacology in Peshawar Medical College Pakistan from 1st January 2019 to 30th June 2019.

Methodology: Eighteen healthy adult male domestic rabbits weighing 1-1.5 kg were chosen (oryctolaguscuniculus). The control group A received proper food and normal saline as drinking water, experimental group B received proper diet and 30 percent ethanol solution (30ml/kg/day) orally daily with normal saline, and experimental group C received proper diet, 30 percent ethanol solution (30ml/kg/day), vitamin E (50mg/kg/day) orally daily with normal saline. Each rabbit's blood was taken for serum amylase. Morphology of acinar cells included: 1) number of cells, (10 acini/field, 2) size of acini, 3) size of acinar cells, and 4) size of acinar nuclei.

Results: Normal value of serum amylase in rabbits was found. The difference in serum amylase levels between the control and experimental groups for both E4 and E8 animals was not statistically significant. There was no significant difference in the number of pancreatic acinar cells, size of pancreatic acini, the pancreatic acinar cell size, and pancreatic acinar cells nuclear size in the control and experimental groups for both E4 and E8 animals.

Conclusion: Alcohol consumption had no influence on the histomorphology of the rabbits' pancreatic acini in a short period (4-8 weeks). No significant variation was noted in the pancreatic acinar cells count & size, pancreatic acinar cells nuclear count and size, and pancreatic acini size. Therefore, protective role of vitamin E was not usefully identified.

Keywords: Alcohol, Pancreas, Histomorphology, Vitamin E, Serum amylase



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