Nayab Hakim, Hazooran Lakhan, Farhana Jabeen Shah, Shams-ul-Haq, Memona Muntaqa, Muhammad Masood

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Frequency of Maternal Factors in Patients of Stillbirth in Pakhtoon Families Visiting Public Hospitals of Peshawar

Nayab Hakim, Hazooran Lakhan, Farhana Jabeen Shah, Shams-ul-Haq, Memona Muntaqa, Muhammad Masood



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ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine the frequency of maternal factors in patients of still birth in Pakhtoon families visiting  hospitals of Peshawar.

Study design: Cross-sectional study

Place and duration of study: Department of Community & Preventive Medicine, Kabir Medical College Gandhara University Peshawar from 1stJanuary 2020 to 31stDecember 2020

Methodology: Five hundred pregnant women were enrolled. All multiparous pregnant women of Pakhtoon families with still birth admitted in Gynaecology wards in public hospitals of Peshawar were included. All multiparous pregnant women of Pakhtoon families with still births with renal diseases, accidental trauma, respiratory diseases and history of physical violence visiting public hospitals of Peshawar were excluded.

Results: 65% of respondents were from 31-45 years. Maternal risk factors were education below matric 64.4%, 7% respondents were working, 78% respondents with total income less than 30 thousand. 59.8% with last birth interval less than 2 years. 44% respondents had haemoglobin less than 7g/dl. 40.2% respondents had comorbidity with stillbirth i.e. hypertension.

Conclusion: Maternal risk factors were low socioeconomic status, birth interval less than 2 years, severe anemia and hypertension in current study.

Keywords: Still birth, Socioeconomic, Ante-partum hemorrhage



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