Mudir Khan, Muhammad Siraj, Abbas Ali

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Background: Hip bone fractures are the main cause of concern on a worldwide level. The main two operative techniques involve dynamic hip screw and proximal femoral nail technique.
Aim: To compare the dynamic hip screw with proximal femoral nail technique in intertrochanteric femur fracture patients.
Study design: Retrospective study
Place and duration of study: Department of Orthopaedics, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar from 1-7-2019 to 30-12- 2021.
Methodology: Seventy patients were enrolled and they were divided in two groups; Group 1 patients were operated with dynamic hip screw (DHS) while group 2 patients were operated by proximal femoral nail (PFN) technique. The detailed pre and post-operative clinical information including blood loss, incision size, Harris hip score and rate of complication was documented.
Results: The mean age of patients was 58.62±6.71 year with more male patients than females. The Harris hip score of proximal femoral nail technique was better than distal hip screw. The incision length of distal hip screw cases was 7.61±0.89 in comparison to 4.72±0.73 in proximal femoral nail technique cases with a longer duration of surgery and inter-operative blood loss in case of distal hip screw cases.
Conclusion: Proximal femoral nail technique is comparatively better than the distal hip screw procedure.
Keywords: Proximal femoral nail technique, distal hip screw, Hip fracture

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