Nadia Majid, Usman Ali Rahman, Muhammad Kaleem Akhter, Farzana Iqbal, Humiara Yousaf, Maliha Javed

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Awareness Level of Nurses about Carcinoma Breast Risk Factors in Mayo Hospital Lahore

Nadia Majid, Usman Ali Rahman, Muhammad Kaleem Akhter, Farzana Iqbal, Humiara Yousaf, Maliha Javed



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ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess level of awareness in nurses regarding risk factors related to carcinoma breast at a tertiary care public hospital Lahore

Methods: It was a descriptive study. This study took place at Mayo Hospital Lahore. The nurses of different departments especially the oncology department were recruited. A sample of n=300 was recruited through random probability sampling methods. An adopted close ended questionnaire was applied. The data was interpreted and analyzed by SPSS version 25. The data was analyzed in the form of tables and graphs.

Results: Of the participants nurses 67% knew that smoking is a risk factor for carcinoma breast. It was also found that 59% agreed that exposure to another person’s cigarettes smoke also can cause breast carcinoma. Results also suggest that 88% agreed that drinking more than one glass of alcohol a day also can cause breast cancer. Moreover results suggest 71% agreed that being overweight (BMI>25) also can cause breast carcinoma. Results also suggest that 54% agreed that being over 70 years old can lead to breast cancer.

Conclusion: Overall knowledge related to risk factors of breast carcinoma among nurses was satisfactory. Top rating risk factors were, smoking cigarettes and family history. Moreover, nurses knowledge regarding breast carcinoma symptoms and signs was also good among participants

MeSH: Carcinoma Breast, Awareness, Risk Factor



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