Muhammad Kashif Munir, Sana Rehman, Amer Nazir, Hajra Azhar, Iqra Riaz, Asif Hanif, Saqib Saeed

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Occupation and Treatment Outcome of Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis Patients

Muhammad Kashif Munir, Sana Rehman, Amer Nazir, Hajra Azhar, Iqra Riaz, Asif Hanif, Saqib Saeed



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ABSTRACT

Background: Tuberculosis is a contagion from ancient times comprising around one 3rd of global population on the wedge of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex where under developed and developing countries is coping with high burden of the disease.

Aim: To observe the most prevalent occupation and treatment outcome in both Genders of MDR TB patients.

Methodology: Health Research Institute-National Institute of Health TB Research Centre in collaboration with Department of Pulmonology, King Edward Medical University/Mayo Hospital Lahore from january 2014 to December 2020. A pre-designed questionnaire was used to collect data from MDR Tb patients after verbal informed consent. Patients were followed to see the final outcome on completion of anti-tubercle treatment. Data was entered and analyzed by using SPSS.

Results: Out of total 450 MDR TB patients analyzed in this study a higher proportion of 54.9% were males and 45.1% were females with an overall mean age of patients as 39.64±17.52 years. Most of 159(35.4%) patients had no skills and were labors whereas most of 145 (28.2%) females were house wives. Almost 71% of the patients successfully completed the treatment including 45% cured on the basis of availability of final smear and culture reports..

Conclusion: A high mortality rate of MDR TB patients was observed while most of the TB patients in this study belong to labor class while most of the women were housewives.

Keywords: Tuberculosis, MDR TB, Occupation, Treatment outcome, loss to follow up.



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