Objective: To compare performance and survival of composite restorations in primary teeth using partial caries removal (PCR) versus complete caries removal (CCR).
Methodology: In this trial, 70 permanent molars having deep caries lesions were selected and divided equally into CCR and PCR groups. The study duration was Jan-2018 to Jan-2020. In CCR group, complete dentin removal was done and confirmed by applying dentin detector dye for 10 seconds. In PCR group, visual & tactile criteria were followed for dentin removal. After dentin removal all cavities were filled using RMGIC cement resin. Follow-up was done at 06, 12 and 18 months.
Results: Mean age in CCR group was 23.4+5.5 years and 25.6+4.9 years in PCR group. Male patients were 19 and 17 in CCR and PCR groups respectively (p= 0.59). Regarding lesion type, 25 patients in CCR were having occlusal and 5 having Occluso-proximal lesion. In PCR group, 27 teeth were diagnosed with occlusal lesion and 3 with occluso-proximal lesion (p=0.44). At 18 months’ follow-up, success rate was 100% in CCR group and 93.3% in PCR group (p=0.49). Pulp exposure occurred in 23.3% procedures in CCR group and none in PCR group.
Conclusion: Partial caries removal has nearly similar success rates as that of complete caries removal and is associated with significantly less pulp exposure rate as compared to CCR.
Keywords: Deep carious lesions, Partial caries removal, Complete caries removal, Randomized clinical trial