Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the response of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir combination in chronic hepatitis C with hemodialysis patients.
Study Design: Prospective/observational study
Place and Duration: The study was conducted at department of Nephrology Nawaz Sharif Kidney Hospital, Swat for duration of six months from 1st July to 31st December, 2020.
Methods: Total 27 patients of both genders were presented in this study. Patients were aged between 18-85 years. Patients details demographics age, sex and body mass index were recorded after taking written consent. Patients diagnosis hepatitis C with recognized genotypes were presented. Enrolled patients received combination of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir regime (SOF/VLP) for 14 weeks and follow up was taken. Effectiveness and safety among HCV patients on hemodialysis were observed. Complete data was analyzed by SPSS 22.0 version.
Results: Out of 27 patients 17 (62.96%) were males 10 (37.04%) were females. Mean age of the patients was 35.14±5.18 years with mean BMI 24.41±6.25 kg/m2. Hypertension was the most common comorbidity found in 15 (55.55%) patients followed by obesity 8 (29.63%) and diabetes found in 3 (14.81%). Among 27 cases 20 (74.04%) were naïve and 7 (25.96%) were treatment experienced. Sustained virological response was found in 26 (96.3%) and 1(3.7%) patients were lost at follow up. Significantly improvement was found in hemoglobin level 12.11 ± 5.24, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 28.51 ± 9.62 and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) 35.24 ± 7.08 after treatment. Headache, fatigue and nausea were the most common adverse outcomes.
Conclusion: We concluded in this study that the use of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir was effective safe and well tolerated in the treatment of hepatitis C patients with hemodialysis.
Keywords: Hemodialysis, Hepatitis C, Sofosbuvir, Velpatasvir, Complications