Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of reamed interlocking nail in the management of closed tibal shaft fractures.
Study Design: Descriptive/ Observational study
Place and Duration: Study was conducted in Orthopaedic Unit Ayub Medical Teaching Institute Abbottabad and DHQ Teaching Hospital Gomal Medical College Dera Ismail Khan for nine months duration from January 2019 to September 2019.
Methods: Total 80 patients of both genders were presented in this study. Age ranges of enrolled cases were 20-70 years. Demographically details of enrolled cases were recorded after taking written consent. Patients who had tibial shaft fractures were admitted in emergency ward and underwent for reamed interlocking nail. Postoperatively union time and rate of complications were assessed. Complete follow up of the patients were take place in duration of 14-months. Data was analyzed by SPSS 20.0 version.
Results: Mean age of the patients was 28.65±8.77 years with mean BMI 24.16±6.23 kg/m2. Out of 80 patients, 47 (58.6%) were males and 33 (41.4%) were females. Traffic accident was the most common cause of fracture found in 60 (75%) cases, followed by fall from the height 15 (18.75%) and the rest were others 5 (6.25%). Mean united time of simple fractures were 13.14±4.14 weeks while among segmental fractures union time observed 18.13±6.17 weeks. Frequency of union fractures was 62 (77.5%), delayed unions were 13 (16.25%) and non-unions were 5 (6.25%). Satisfaction rate was 72 (90%) among all cases.
Conclusion: We concluded in this study that reamed interlocking nail was an effective and safest method for the management of closed tibal shaft fractures. Overall union rate in this study was 93.75% and showed less morbidity among cases.
Keywords: Interlocking nail, Tibial shaft fractures, Union