Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the outcome of newborn among pregnant females who deliver after prolonged pregnancy.
Study Design: Descriptive study
Place and Duration: Obstetrics & Gynaecology department of Shahida Islam Teaching Hospital, Lodhran for duration of six months from September 2020 to February 2021.
Materials and Methods: 100 patients with pregnancy of >40 weeks were included in study. The patients were not included in this study with medical disorders, intrauterine demise or pregnancy complications. Identification of parameters regarding poor neonatal outcome was done. Variable e.g. gestational age, parity, fetal movement, age, mode of delivery, ultrasound, admission cardiotocogram (CTG) and past prolonged pregnancy were studied.
Results: Most of the patients i.e. 39 (39%) were between twenty to twenty five years of age. In this study group multigravida were found in 60 (60%). Emergency caesarean section 65 (65%). Most of babies 64% were admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (ICU). Meconium aspiration syndrome was most general among complications which were found in 67 (67%). No fetal mortality was observed.
Conclusion: Pregnancy should be managed before 42 weeks of gestation and should not allow to go post-term due to high rate of neonatal mortality and morbidity.
Key words: Neonate, Post-term Pregnancy, Gestational Age, Meconium Aspiration, NICU, Mortality