Aim: To determine the frequency of pseudophakic glaucoma in patients who underwent cataract surgery.
Study Design: Cross-sectional
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Ophthalmology, Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore from 1st July 2020 to 31st December 2020.
Methodology: Ninety five patients of both genders with cataract surgery were enrolled and ages between 45 to 75 years. After taking written consent detailed demographics including age, sex, body mass index, intraocular pressure, and mode of surgery were recorded. Pseudophakic glaucoma was labelled in case of cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation and intraocular pressure >21 mmHg or more in one eye along with glaucomatous optic disc or retinal nerve fiber layer defect on optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Results: There were 58 (61.05%) males and 37 (38.95%) patients were females. Mean ages of patients were 62.36±9.44 years. Sixty two (65.26%) patients had extracapsular cataract extraction and 33 (34.74%) patients had phacoemulsification. Mean intraocular pressure was 19.33±8.56 mmHg. Pseudophakic glaucoma was found in 32 (33.68%) patients.
Conclusion: The frequency of pseudophakic glaucoma was high in patients with extracapsular cataract surgery.
Keywords: Cataract surgery, Pseudophakic glaucoma, Intraocular pressure (IOP)