Ali Zain Ul Abidin, Munib Ur Rehman, Shahid Mahmood Dayal
Aim: To determine the outcomes of phacoemulsification also examine the complications associated to phacoemulsification combined with pars plana vitrectomy.
Study design: Observational study Place and duration of study: Department of Ophthalmology, Khawaja Muhammad Safdar Medical College, Allama Iqbal Memorial Teaching Hospital, Sialkot, from 15th July 2020 to 14thJanuary 2021.
Methodology: Twenty patients of both genders whom had undergoing phacovitrectomy were included. Patient’s ages were ranging from 20 to 80 years. Patient’s detailed medical histories were examined after taking informed consent. Patient’s retinal diagnosis, intraocular pressure, visual acuity, intra and post-operative complications were recorded. All the patients had received clear corneal phacoemulsification and 23-guage pars plana vitrectomy.
Results: There were 15(75%) male patients while 5(25%) female patients with mean age was 54.52±12.45 years. Five patients (25%) had vitreos hemorrhage, 7(35%) patients had rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, 3(15%) patients had intraocular foreign body, 2(10%) had epiretinal membrane, 2(10%) had macular hole and 1(5%) had tractional retinal detachment. Miosis and rupture of posterior capsule were the most common intraoperative complications found in 85% and 10%. Fibrin was found in 3 (15%) cases, posterior synechia was found in 2 (10%) cases.
Conclusion: The phacoemulsification with pars plana vitrectomy is safe and effective treatment modalities in patients with cataract coexist with vitreoretinal disease.
Keywords: Phacoemulsification, Pars plana vitrectomy, Cataract, Complications, Outcomes