Munib Ur Rehman, Shahid Mahmood Dayal, Ali Zain Ul Abidin
Aim: To examine the outcomes of trabeculectomy followed by mitomycin C in term of mean change in intra-ocular pressure in patients presented with primary congenital glaucoma.
Study design: Cross-sectional/observational Place and duration of study: Department of Ophthalmology, Khawaja Muhammad Safdar Medical College, Allama Iqbal Memorial Teaching Hospital, Sialkot from 7th July 2020 to 6thJanuary 2021.
Methods: Fortypatients of both genders with ages up to 5 years presented with primary congenital glaucoma were enrolled in this study. Patients demographics were recorded after taking written consent from parents/guardians. All the patients were receivedtrabeculectomy with 0.4mg/ml Mitomycin C was applied below the flap for 2 to 3 minutes. Intraocular pressure was examined preoperatively and at 12th day after surgery.
Results:Twenty-four (60%) were males while 16 (40%) were females. 30 (75%) patients were ages <2yearsand 10 (25%) patients had ages >2 years. A significant difference was observed regarding mean change in intra-ocular pressure (pre-operatively 30.48±3.62 versus post-operatively 16.35±2.86) with p-value <0.001.
Conclusion: Trabeculectomy with Mitomycin C is very effective for reducing intraocular pressure. A significant decrease in intra-ocular pressure was observed post-operatively.
Keywords: Primary congenital glaucoma, Intra-ocular pressure, Trabeculectomy, Mitomycin C