Investigation of Benevolence and Happiness Levels of Team and Individual Athletes in Secondary Education
Aim: The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship between benevolence and happiness levels of secondary school students who have done individual and team sports in the Mediterranean Region and explain whether their benevolence levels predict happiness.
Methods: The research is a descriptive study in a relational survey model. The study sample consisted of 268 (46.7%) females and 306 (53.3%) males, 574 students. Benevolence Scale and Oxford Happiness Scale were used as data collection tools in the study. Research data were analyzed using SPSS 25.00 statistical package program. Descriptive statistics, correlation, and statistical regression techniques were used in the analysis of the data.
Results: According to the study's findings, it was observed that the benevolence and happiness levels of the students who did individual and team sports were at a moderate level. According to the gender variable, It was observed that there was a significant difference in favor of men between the happiness levels of the students who did individual sports and a significant difference in favor of women between the benevolence levels of the students who did team sports. A low-level positive relationship was found between benevolence and happiness. Benevolence explains 3.6% of the variance regarding happiness levels. According to the standardized regression coefficient, the contribution of benevolence to the prediction of happiness level was found to be statistically significant.
Conclusion: It was determined that individuals' benevolence and happiness levels were at medium levels. It was found that there is a low-level positive correlation between the benevolence and happiness levels of the participants, and their benevolence levels are a predictor of happiness.
Keywords: Help, Benevolence, Happiness, Individual Sports, Team Sports