Physical Activity Level in Teachers and Examination of Respect for Self
Adem Civan, Danyal Canbolat, Aliriza Han Civan, Mehmet Durmaz
The purpose of this research was to study the effect of teaching level of teachers and examination of physical activity and self-esteem of teachers. One hundred sixty-seven female and 197 male teachers totally 364 participated voluntarily in the study. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)-Short Form and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale was administrated to the participants by self-report. Because the parametric assumptions is not satisfied, Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of physical activity levels and on self-respect scores according to gender factor, and Kruskal-Wallis H test was performed for branch and teaching level factors. When the results of Kruskal-Wallis H test were found significant, pair-wise comparisons was performed by means of Mann-Whitney U test. The Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient is used to discover the relations between physical activity level of teachers and on self-respect. It was observed in this study that a few teachers (n=5) were intermediate the scores of self-respects and that the others were high level of self-respect scores. When the physical activity level of teachers and self-respect scores were compared to gender, the physical activity level male teachers were significantly higher than female teachers (z score=3,035, p=0,002), while self-respect scores were similar to each other in gender (p>0,05). When the physical activity level of teachers and self-respect scores were compared to branch, while the physical activity level of the physical education teachers was significantly higher class and branch teachers (x2 =8,476, p=0,037), a significant difference was not found between branches in terms of self-respect (x2 =6,116, p=0,106). When the physical activity level of teachers and self-respect scores were compared to age, no significant differences were found in the physical activity level of teachers and self-respect scores, respectively (x2=6,710, p=0,460; x2=1,889, p=0,966). While no correlation was found between total, intermediate, and walking physical activity levels and self-respect of teachers, a significant correlation was found between physical activity levels and self-respect of teachers (r=0,207, p<0,05). In conclusion, the study revealed that male teachers had higher physical activity level. While the physical activity level of the physical education teachers was higher than the other teachers, self-respect was similar to each other in branches. It was determined that self-reported enhanced when the physical activity level increased.
Key Words: Personality; Sport; Health