Maternal age and pregnancy outcome: Risks and benefits
Atteya Abbasi, Najma Bano Shaikh, Sabreena Talpur, Sajida Yousfani, Samina Shaikh, Anila Mehmood
Objective: To determine the association of pregnancy outcome with various age groups of at tertiary care Hospital.
Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Department of obstetrics and Gynecology department of civil Hospital Hyderabad Pakistan, during six months from March 2017 to August 2017. All singleton pregnant women with age range of 15-40 years and willing to participate in the study were included. All the women were assessed regarding maternal outcome and perinatal outcome in terms of complications and mortality according to different age groups. All the data was recorded via study proforma. Data was analyzed by using SPSS version 20.
Results: Un-booked participants were 57%. Out of all, 44% females were primary gravida and 56% were multigravida. Hypertension was the most common maternal complication (37.7%) followed by pregnancy-related toxaemia (21.9%), anaemia (16.6%), placenta previa (13.2%), premature delivery (5.3%), and 4.6% of pregnant women had no complications. As per neonatal outcome 16.7% were still birth and early neonatal death was 14.0%. Maternal complications and fetal outcomes were significantly associated with age groups of 15-20 years and 31-40 years (p=0.001).
Conclusion: It was concluded that, there are many maternal and fetal complications that are frequently found in adolescent mothers and advanced age mothers.
Key words: Age, Pregnancy, Fetal health, maternal Health.