Association of Depression and Anxiety in Patients with Covid-19
Safdar Ali Pervez, Haresh Kumar, Rakesh Kumar, Sarika Bai, Azra Shaheen, Om Parkash
Objective: To determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients with corona virus disease and without corona virus disease.
Study Design: Cross-sectional/observational
Place and Duration: Psychiatry department of KMC Teaching Hospital Khairpur Mirs for four months duration from 1st July, 2020 to 30th October, 2020.
Methods: Two hundred and twenty patients of both genders were presented in this study. Patients detailed demographics were recorded after taking written consent. Patients were ages between 20-70 years. Among all the patients, 110 patients (group I) with covid-19 disease taken as cases and 110 non-covid 19 patients (group II) were taken as control. Prevalence of depression and anxiety were measured by DASS-21. Complete data was analyzed by SPSS 27.0 version.
Results: Mean age of the patients in group I and II was 42.38 ±12.44 years and 41.22±12.85 years. Mean BMI in group I was 23.46±1.52 kg/m2 and in group II it was 24.33±1.58 kg/m2. 76 (69.10%) and 70 (63.64%) patients were males while 34 (30.91%) and 40 (36.36%) were females in cases and control. Frequency of depression and anxiety was significantly among patients with covid-19 disease as compared to without covid-19 disease patients (p-value <0.05).
Conclusion: Anxiety and depression was significantly associated with COVID-19 disease. Medically ill patients should develop techniques for rapid diagnosis and treatment of depression and anxiety.
Keywords: Depression, Anxiety, Coronavirus Disease, Illness