Association between Vitamin D Deficiency and Bronchial Asthma in Pediatric Age Group
Aftab Anwar, Saed Aftab Ahmad2, Aamir Waheed, Mahnoor Mohydin, Saleha Bashir
Aim: To determine the association between Vitamin D deficiency and Bronchial asthma in paediatric age group
Methodology: This Case-Control study was conducted from April 2018 to February 2020 by the Department of Paediatrics in Sialkot Medical College, Sialkot, Pakistan. It included a sample size of 170 children of both genders between 6-12 years of age. 85 cases were diagnosed as per Global Initiative for Asthma Guidelines and the other 85 were controls from healthy school going children. Data was analysed by SPSS version 24.
Results: Mean vitamin D level in cases was 16.73±0.19 and in controls was 19.22±0.49 ng/ml (p<0.0001). Bronchial asthma was more prevalent in those with positive bronchial asthmatic family history and amongst the urban population. Serum IgE level was seen to be raised more in cases than in the controls.
Conclusion: Vitamin D is deficient in paediatric patients suffering from bronchial asthma. Thus, Vitamin D supplementation is important for control of disease.
Keywords: Vitamin D deficiency, Bronchial asthma, Paediatric age group