The Risk of Type 2 Diabetes among Smokers
M Kashif Shaikh, Kamlesh K Ahuja, A G Dars, S Z Ali Shah, T Devrajani, I Karim, S Raza, B R Devrajani
Aim: To determine the risk of type 2 diabetes among smokers
Methods: This was three months cross-sectional study conducted from July 2019 to September 2019 at tertiary care and a private hospital to on the patients had age ≥12 year, either gender and history of smoking. The subjects were recruited by non probability convenient sample technique. The detailed history, physical examination and required laboratory tests were done. The data was collected on prorforma. Among known diabetic patients itemized history was taken in regards to age at which smoking initiates, prescriptions utilized and if the illness was controlled. The available data was analyzed in SPSS.
Results: During a quarter of a year study period absolute fifty patients had history of smoking were recruited and studied had mean age±SD identified as 52.72±6.93 (yrs) with male gender predominance. Regarding residence the rural and urban population was identified as 30(60%) and 20(40%), hyperlipidemia 32(64%), duration of smoking (yrs) as <1 (16%), 1-3 (30%), 3-5 (34%) and (20%), the number of cigarettes smoked per day as <20 (42%) and (58%), the co-morbids as COPD / asthma 20(40%), hypertension 25(50%), obesity 22(44%) and osteoporosis 16(32%) and diabetes mellitus as 34(68%) respectively.
Conclusion: The smoking is the risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus saw in the two sexual orientations. The length of smoking and number of cigarettes smoked each day are straightforwardly relative to acquire type 2 diabetes mellitus in our population.
Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Smoking