Farha Naz Chohan, Shaista Memon, Sabreena Abbas, Syeda Hira Ali Shah, Aliya Shamim, Afroz
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences

Uterine Leiomyoma and Pregnancy Outcome: An Experience at Tertiary Care Setup

Farha Naz Chohan, Shaista Memon, Sabreena Abbas, Syeda Hira Ali Shah, Aliya Shamim, Afroz



Objective: To determine the impact of leiomyoma in pregnant women a tertiary care set up in Hyderabad.

Methods: This prospective observational study conducted at OPD of Gynecology unit-III, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Science Hyderabad, from June 2018 to December 2018. A total of 18,402 pregnant women of age 20-45 years were attended, out of which 195 had leiomyoma and they were asked to take part in study. Data regarding demographic characteristics including complications during pregnancy, and indications of caesarean section was collected via study proforma.

Results: Total 186 out of 195 females were studied, their mean age was 31.23+3.12 years, average gestational age was 33.12+3.15 weeks and average size of Leiomyoma was 3.12+2.15cm. The most common complications were PPH among 28.49% of cases, blood transfusion was required in 39.25% of the cases, miscarriage occurred in 6.45% of the cases, cord prolapse was seen in 24.3% cases, placental abruption in 5.91% cases, placenta previa in 11.32% cases and retained placenta was observed among 1.61% of the cases. Preterm labour occurred in 5.38% of the cases and IUGR was seen in 10.22% of the cases. Out of all cases, 10 females underwent preterm delivery, while 12 underwent fetus delivery before 24 weeks (miscarriage). Among all term pregnancies, 78.66% underwent C-Section due to failure in progress, cord prolapsed, fibroid in lower segment, breech presentation and low-lying placenta.

Conclusion: Fibroid complicates pregnancy itself and also the outcome. Rural area dwelling women are at more risk, which include increase in caesarean section and a multifold increased risk of PPH and associated hysterectomy in these cases.

Keywords: Leiomyoma, Uterine Fibroids, Pregnancy, complications.

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