M. Asif, L. A. Deokah, R. N. Malik
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences




1449



ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the frequency of surgical site infection with or without bile spillage during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted at Department of Surgery, M. Islam Medical and Dental College Gujranwala from March 2020 to September 2020 over the period of 6 months. Total 68 pppatients of acute cholecystitis (as per operational definition) undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy either male or female having

age from 20 60 years with duration of gal stone (single or multiple) ≥ 6 months were selected. After 2 weeks follow-up, surgical site infection was assed.

Results: Mean age of the patients was 39.90 ± 12.04, mean age of patients of study group A was and B was 38.88 ± 13.01 and 40.91 ± 11.08 years respectively. Comparison of frequency of surgical site infection was done between both groups. In study group A (spillage group), SSI was found in 12 (35.29%) patients while in study group B (without spillage group), SSI was noted in 4 (11.76%) patients. Difference of frequency of SSI between the study group A and B was statistically significant (P = 0.022).

Conclusion: Results of present study showed that surgical site infection is mostly occurred in patients with spillage of bile during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. Most of the patients were belonged to 3rd and 4th decade of life. Significantly higher rate of surgical site infection was noted in female patients of spillage of bile group.

Keywords: Bile spillage, Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy, gall bladder, surgical site infection



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