M. Khalid, M. Rizwan, S. Khurshid
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences




1384



ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine the efficacy of cyclosporine 0.05% for the management of patients of dry-eye disease presenting at tertiary care hospital.

Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted at Department of Ophthalmology, Sahiwal Medical College, Sahiwal from March 2020 to September 2020 over the period of 6 months.Total 310 patients of dry eye were included in this study after scrutinized by inclusion criteria. All the selected patients were managed with cyclosporine 0.05% and efficacy of the drug was assessed.

Results: Total 310 patients of dry eye disease were recruited. Mean age was 47.15 ± 3.61 years and mean duration of dry eye disease was 11.10 ± 1.75 months. Out of 310 patients, treatment was found effective in 225 (73%) patients. Efficacy of treatment was noted in 172(96.63%) male patients and in 53(40.15%) female patients. Significantly higher rate of efficacy was noted in male patients as compared to female patients with p value 0.000. Conclusion: Results of present study showed higher improvement rate of dry eye symptoms in cases of dry eye managed with cyclosporine 0.05%. Male patients were more victim of dry eye as compared to female patients and statistically significant association of efficacy with gender was observed. No association of efficacy of treatment with age group and duration of disease was observed.

Keywords: Dry eye, cyclosporine, inflammation, immunomodulator agents.



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