S. Sadia, K. Naheed, F. Tariq, M. I. Ghani, P. Zarif, A Rafiq, T Laique
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences




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An Audit Of Wheat Pill Poisoning In A Tertiary Care Hospital: A Retroscpective Study

S. Sadia, K. Naheed, F. Tariq, M. I. Ghani, P. Zarif, A Rafiq, T Laique



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ABSTRACT

Background: Wheatpill is a commonly used suicide drug in developing countries. Due to the easy availability, this drug has played a great role for those people who commit suicide due to various reasons.

Aim: To investigate different features such as (Age, Gender, Education, Marital status, Treatment, Location) of all those people who deliberately self-harm by using aluminium phosphide.

Study design: Retrospective study.

Methodology: Patients (n=83) were enrolled at Teaching Medical Unit, DHQ Teaching Hospital, Sargodha, Pakistan from January 2019 to December 2019 in present study and study tools were age, gender, marital status, educational status, time of arrival, number of days stayed in a hospital, treatment and outcome. Cases were included irrespective of gender. Data analyzed by SPSS 22.0v.

Results: Among them 42 are men and 41 were women. 77% of the patients were under 40 years of age and despite taking advantage of all available treatment options, the mortality rate was up to 83% which indicates severe consequences after taking Aluminium Phosphide.

Conclusion: This study concluded that this particular aspect of pesticide poisoning was almost exclusively a concern of the developing world where aluminum phosphide was a commonly used and easily available rodenticide. Agricultural activities were undertaken in remote rural areas, which most often lack health-care facilities. Death resulted from cardiogenic shock and hypotension.

Keywords: Gender, educational status, time of arrival and treatment efficacy.



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