Aim: To determine the frequency of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in patients with liver cirrhosis.
Study Design: Retrospective/observational
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Medicine, Chandka Medical College Hospital, Larkana from 1st July 2020 to 31st March 2021.
Methodology: One hundred and twenty patients of both genders presented with liver cirrhosis were enrolled in this study. Patient’s detailed demographics including age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol consumption and family history of liver disease were recorded after taking written informed consent. Laboratory examination was done to examine the proportion of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.
Results: There were 68 (56.67%) males and 52 (43.33%) were females with mean age 45.74±10.54 years. Among all the patients hepatitis C virus was found in 62 (51.67%) patients, 15 (12.5%) had hepatitis B virus, 17 (14.17%) had hepatitis B virus + hepatitis C virus and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis was found in 26 (21.67%) patients.
Conclusion: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis was the major cause of liver cirrhosis in Pakistani population. The proportion of NASH in liver cirrhosis patients was 21.67%.
Keywords: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), Liver Cirrhosis, Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus