Aim: To assess the metabolic abnormalities in children younger than 10 years of age with vesical calculus.
Study design: Retrospective cross-sectional study
Place and duration of study: Department of Urology, Khairpur Medical College Hospital, Khairpur from 1st October 2014 to 30th September 2016. Methodology: Two hundred and six children age <10 years of age and either gender presented with vesical calculus were enrolled. Demographic information like age, gender, residence, serum electrolytes, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, uric acid, blood, and urine pH were recorded for the purpose of metabolic workup. Results: The mean age was 4.76±1.22 years and 157 (76.2%) were males and 49 (23.8%) were females. The frequency of metabolic abnormalities was observed in 153 (74.3%) of the patients. A significantly higher prevalence of metabolic abnormalities was observed with male gender (p-value 0.006), dark colored urine as presenting symptoms (p-value 0.022), frequent urination (p-value 0.045), and hematuria (p-value 0.016). Of 153 patients with metabolic abnormalities, hypercalciuria was observed in 45 (29.4%), hypocitraturia in 73 (47.7%), hyperoxaluria in 21 (13.7%), and hyperuricosuria in 14 (9.2%) patients.
Conclusion: The frequency of metabolic abnormalities was high among children with vesical calculus. Moreover, hypocitraturia in these children was observed in majority followed by hypercalciuria, hyperoxaluria, and hyperuricosuria.
Keywords: Metabolic abnormalities, Children, Vesical calculus