Aim: To investigate role of AdipoR1 concentrations and leptin levels in obese and healthy subjects along with their lipid status
Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in residents of Sialkot city and included 132 subjects. Each group had 66 participants. Mean age was 39.6±0.97 years. Mean BMI for obese subjects was 31.55±0.6 while healthy group BMI was 20.5±0.2. Individuals with known history of diabetes, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, any malignancy and history of lipid lowering, antihypertensive, antipsychotics and antiepileptic were excluded. Fasting blood samples were taken after informed and written consent. Samples were centrifuged to extract serum and stored for analysis by ELISA method for AdiopR1 and leptin while lipid profile was determined by kits by Randox Diagnostics using micro lab. Data was analyzed by SPSS v. 26. Comparison between groups was carried out by Mann-Whitney U test.
Results: Our study revealed higher levels of serum AdipoR1 (28.9±22.86 ng/mL), leptin (320.7±59.38 pg/mL), cholesterol (216±5.31 mg/dl), triglyceride (177.8±4.93 mg/dl) and LDL (139.3±4.56 mg/dl) in obese when compared with healthy individuals, AdiopoR1 (17.8±1.96ng/mL), leptin (219±20.76 pg/mL), cholesterol (179.8±3.25 mg/dl), triglyceride (149.8±3.17mg/dl), LDL (108.5±25.7 mg/dl) respectively. No statistical difference was found for HDL between groups.
Conclusion: Our Study concludes that rising levels of AdipoR1 and leptin in addition to lipid profile are associated with obesity.
Keywords: Obesity, Receptor Proteins AdipoR1, Leptin, lipid status, adipose tissue