Hakim Ali Abro, Sheeraz Ali, Sultan Ahmed Chandio, Jamil Muqtadir, Mumtaz Ali Chutto, Chandur Lal
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences

Common Pathogen and their Drug Sensitivity Pattern in Urinary Tract Infection at Chandka Medical College Hospital Larkana

Hakim Ali Abro, Sheeraz Ali, Sultan Ahmed Chandio, Jamil Muqtadir, Mumtaz Ali Chutto, Chandur Lal



Objective: To study the pattern of existing common pathogen of Urinary Tract Infection and their drug sensitivity pattern.

Methods: It was a cross sectional study held in Medical Unit-I, CMC Teaching Hospital, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University(SMBBMU), Larkana with collaboration of Pathology Laboratory CMC Larkana, Aga Khan University Hospital Lab, Rahila Research Lab and Chughtai Lab. All the participants meeting inclusion criteria were enrolled. The reports of Urine culture were collected from above mentioned laboratories which include bio data, causative organism, their count and drug sensitivity pattern. The results were copied on proforma by researcher himself. SPSS version 25 was applied for data analysis.

Results: Total 302 participants were registered in the study. Out of them 75.8% of them were female and 24.2% were male. Mean age of the patients was 40 ± 9 years. E-coli was found in 52.3%, Enterococcus in 13.2% and Klebsiella pneumonia in 9.6% cases. Meropenem was found sensitive in 92.4%, while cefoperazone sulbactam, Amikacin and Fosfomycin were found to be sensitive in 86.6%, 85%, 76.2% respectively. Ampicillin and Vancomycin was used in 50 cases for Enterococci. Ampicillin was found sensitive in 70% of cases where as vancomycin was found sensitive in 100% of cases with no vancomycin resistant Enterococci. For Enterobacteria Moxifloxacin was found resistant in 84.4% of cases, Ampicillin in 83.5%, Nalidix acid in 78% cases. While Ceftazidime and Amoxiclav was found resistant in 71.1% and 54.1% respectively.

Conclusion: E-coli, Enterococcus and klabsella were the most pathogens found in this study. The drug sensitivity pattern showed that Meropenem, Cefoperazone Sulbactam, Amikacin, Fosfomycin and Vancomycin were found commonly sensitive while Moxifloxacin, Ampicillin, Ceftazidime and Amoxiclav was found resistant.

Keywords: Urinary Tract Infection, Culture and Sensitivity, Meropenem, Vancomycin, Cefoperazone Sulbactam CMC @ SMBBMU, Larkana.

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