Objective: To determine the frequency of endometrial hyperplasia in female with abnormal vaginal bleeding.
Study Design: Cross-sectional
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Allama Iqbal Memorial Teaching Hospital, Sialkot from 1st January 2021 to 31st March 2021.
Methodology: One hundred and ten females with abnormal bleeding were presented in this study. Patients were aged between 40-65 years. Demographically details of age, weight, body mass index and socio economic status were recorded after taking written consent. Complete patients were undergone for transvaginal ultrasound. Frequency of endometrial hyperplasia was recorded.
Results: Mean age of the females was 47.16±7.53 years with mean BMI 26.17±8.44 kg/m2. Mean weight of the patients were 59.16±17.66 kg. Most of the patients 65 (59.09%) were from urban area and majority of the patients 70 (63.64%) were illiterate. Sixty (54.5%) cases were from low socio-economic status and 50 (45.5%) had high socio-economic status. Endometrial hyperplasia was found in 25 (22.73%) patients, in which 18 (72%) had cystic hyperplasia, adenomatous hyperplasia found in 4 (16%) and 3 (12%) had atypical hyperplasia. Among 25 cases of hyperplasia, menorrhagia found in 15 (60%), polymenorrhea found in 8 (32%) and polymenorrhagia in 2 (8%). Medical treatment were given to 20 (80%) cases and surgical treatment were given to 5 (20%).
Conclusion: The prevalence of endometrial hyperplasia was 22.73% among women with abnormal bleeding. It can be cure by early diagnosis and treatment.
Keywords: Transvaginal ultrasound (TVS), Endometrial hyperplasia, Abnormal vaginal bleeding, Menorrhagia