Objective: To assessment of retinopathy in type-II diabetics along with microalbuminuria at tertiary care hospital.
Material and methods: This study was done at Department of Medicine, D.G Khan Hospital, D.G Khan from April 2020 to October 2020 over the period 6 months. Total 295 patients of type-II diabetes mellitus along with microalbuminuria having age between 45-80 years either male or female were selected. Diabetic retinopathy was evaluated in selected patients.
Results: Total 295 patients were selected according to inclusion criteria. The mean age of patients was 58.13 ± 9.412 years. Out of 295 patients, retinopathy was noted in 67 (23%) patients. Out of 147 (49.83%) male patients, retinopathy was noted in 39 (26.5%) patients. Out of 148 (50.17%) female patients, retinopathy was noted in 28 (18.9%) patients. Statistically insignificant association of retinopathy with gender was noted with p value 0.119.
Conclusion: Findings of this study showed a higher percentage of retinopathy in patients of type-II diabeties along with microalbuminuria. Most of the victims were males as compared to females and no association of development of retinopathy with gender was detected. Higher number of patients belonged to 4th and 5th decade of life. Four to five years of duration was noted among the half of the study population.
Keywords: Retinopathy, Diabetes mellitus type II, Microalbuminauria