Aqeel Ahmad, Muhammad Hammad Muzaffar, Mumtaz Ahmad Khan, Arshid Mahmood
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences



Compare the Outcomes of Laparoscopic and Open Appendectomy

Aqeel Ahmad, Muhammad Hammad Muzaffar, Mumtaz Ahmad Khan, Arshid Mahmood



1742



ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the surgical site infection, hospital stay and time duration of procedure in patients undergoing laparoscopic and open appendectomy.

Study Design: Prospective/ Observational

Place & Duration: Department of Surgery, Pak Red Crescent Medical and Dental college, Dina Nath, during from Jan 2020 to March 2021.

Methods: In this study 240 patients of both genders with ages >10 years presented with acute appendicitis were included. Patients demographic including age, sex and body mass index were recorded after written consent. Patients were equally divided into two groups. Group I consist of 120 patients and received laparoscopic appendectomy and Group II with 120 patients received open appendectomy. Outcomes such as surgical site infection, hospital stay and time duration of procedure were examined and compare the results between both groups. Data was analyzed by SPSS 23.0. P-value <0.05 was set as significant.

Results: There were 140 (58.3%) patients (70 Group I, 70 Group II) were male with mean age 25.7+6.54 years while 100 (41.7%) patients (50 Group I, 50 Group II) were females with mean age 26.9+3.12 years. No significant difference regarding BMI between both groups p=>0.05. There was a significant difference in term of surgery time duration between both groups 48.24+9.59 minutes Vs 35.74+6.86 minutes; P=0.001. No significant difference observed in term of hospital stay (p=0.345). 11 (9.2%) patients in Group II in which 5.83% had Superficial SSI and 3.7% had Deep SSI. 9 (7.5%) patients 5% superficial and 2.5% Deep SSI in Group I had developed surgical site infection with no significant difference (p=0.41).

Conclusion: We concluded in this study that open appendectomy is better in term of operative time as compared to laparoscopic appendectomy. We found no significant difference regarding surgical site infection and hospital stay.

Keywords: Acute appendicitis, Appendectomy, Laparoscopic, Open, Outcomes



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