Aneeqa Ilyas, Bilal Rafique Malik, Rehan Anwar

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Background:Post-caesarean wound infection is a frightful complication of cesarean delivery and increase burden on health care system. Prevention of post-cesarean wound infection must be the priority in any healthcare center in developing countries. Amoxicillin is an antibiotic often used for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. Aim: To compare the frequency of wound infection with ceftriaxone versus amoxicillin in females undergoing cesarean section at term Study design: Randomized Controlled Trial Setting & duration: Department of Medicine and Gynecology, SIMS, Lahore from 01-07-2020 to 31-12- 2020. Methods: After fulfilling the selection criteria, 250 females were enrolled and were divided randomly into two equal groups. Group 1 was given intravenous amoxicillin and group 2 was given intravenous ceftriaxone. Then cesarean was done under spinal anesthesia. Post-op wound infection was noted in all the females. The data was analyzed in SPSS. Results: The mean age of the females of amoxicillin group was 28.09±6.01 years whereas the mean age of the ceftriaxone group females was 29.38 ± 6.41 years. The mean gestational age of the females in amoxicillin group was 38.98 ± 0.85 weeks whereas the mean gestational age in ceftriaxone group was 38.94±0.79 weeks. The mean BMI of the females in amoxicillin group was 26.58 ± 6.27 kg/m2 whereas the mean BMI in ceftriaxone group was 29.32±6.36kg/m2. The post-cesarean wound infection was found in 2(1.6%) females in amoxicillin group while in 8(6.4%) females in ceftriaxone group. This difference was statistically insignificant i.e. p-value=0.0.053. Conclusion: The amoxicillin is more effective from prevention of post-op wound infection than to ceftriaxone in females underwent cesarean section. Keywords: Amoxicillin, Ceftriaxone, cesarean section, post-cesarean wound infection

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