Adnan Qamar, Saima Naz Mohsin, Uzma Nasim Siddiqui, Sana Naz, Sana Danish
Aim: To determine impact of platelet rich plasma therapy for the management of knee osteoarthritis. Study design: Prospective double-blinded, add –on randomized, placebo-controlled trial Place and duration of study: Department of Orthopedics, Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore from 1st January 2019 to 30th June 2019 Methodology: Fifty volunteer participants fulfilling inclusion criteria were enrolled. One hundred knees of patients were randomly allocated into two groups. Knees were assigned either of the two groups. Platelet rich plasma group which was assigned to receive 5ml of platelet rich plasma and normal saline (NS) group which was assigned to receive 5ml of NS labeled as control group. All patients given 3 successive intra-articular injections of 5 mL of autologous platelet rich plasma or 5ml of normal saline was given at weekly intervals. Patients were blinded and subjected to a standardized injection protocol and the intensity of pain was assessed on visual analog scale (VAS) for pain. Results: The VAS scores decreased from 50.9±14.7 at baseline assessment to 43.6±16.2 at 1-month follow-up after completion of therapy for PRP group (p<0.0203). The improvement was maintained from the end of the therapy to 3 and 6 months’ follow-up, as measure of VAS score as 30.54±11.8 and 20.2±8.6 respectively (p<0.0001). In normal saline group, there was very slight decrease in VAS score from baseline i.e. 49.8±19.5 to 48±22.7, 44±16.6, and 42±21.7 at 1, 3 and 6 months interval.
Conclusion: Platelet rich plasma therapy can provide effective pain control up to 6 months post injection in knee osteoarthritis.