M. Imran Ashraf, Shazana Rana, M. Salee Makhtar, Adnan Afzal, Bushra Suhail, Sara Mukhtar, Javaria Fatima, Asif Shahzad, Amal Shaukat
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences




Peer Reviewed

Previous Published Issues


Metabolic Abnormalities in Hypertensive patients and their Risk Factors

M. Imran Ashraf, Shazana Rana, M. Salee Makhtar, Adnan Afzal, Bushra Suhail, Sara Mukhtar, Javaria Fatima, Asif Shahzad, Amal Shaukat



1494



ABSTRACT

Background: Metabolic syndrome is a disorder which is categorized by the presence of various features like hypertension, obesity, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. One of the basic features of this syndrome is hypertension that may lead to increased incidence of cardiovascular incidents.

Aim: To determine the gender based comparison of metabolic syndrome among the hypertensive patients who reported in the outpatient department.

Study Time: The present study was conducted from January 2019 to June 2019 over a period of six months.

Methods: Known hypertensive patients aged between 20 to 50 years who fulfilled the selection criteria were included in this study. After informed written consent, the physical examination and required laboratory investigation were done. The data was entered and analysed by using SPSS version 23 Mean±standard deviation was recorded for the quantitative variables while frequency was utilized for the qualitative variable. The p-value of ≤0.05 was taken as significant.

Results: A total of 85 known patients of hypertension were included in the study comprising (70.12%) males and (35.40%) females. They were evaluated for the metabolic syndrome using the Adult Treatment Panel III- A (ATP –III A) criteria. Their blood pressure was recorded and fasting blood sample were taken to determine the levels of serum glucose, HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride.

Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome is more prevalent in the hypertensive patients

Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, Hypertension, Dyslipidemia



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