Different Risk Factors for Ischemic Heart Disease
Muhammad Ashraf, Himayat Ullah, Syed Fahim Shah
Aim: To determine the different risk factors for Ischemic Heart Disease.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place of study: Department of cardiology Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar
Duration of study: 6 months
Methodology: A total of 160 patients with Ischemic Heart Disease were included by using the WHO calculator with a margin of error of 5% and a confidence interval of 95%. A detailed history regarding clinical features of IHD and the risk factors was rcorded. Ischemic heart disease was confirmed by angiography and echocardiography.
Results: Out of 160 cases, 102 were males and 58 were females. 43 were between 18-40 years, 54 between 41-60 years, and 63 were above 60 years of age. Among these, 74 patients were having dyslipidemia, 34 were hypertensive, 42 were Diabetic, 68 were smokers and 117 patients were over-weight (BMI>27). 132 patients were having more than one risk factor.
Conclusion: Different risk factors in descending order are higher BMI (above 27), dyslipidemia, smoking, diabetes, and hypertension. The majority of the patients were having more than one risk factor.
Keywords: Ischemic Heart Disease, Dyslipidemia, Hypertension