Demography and Symptoms Severity of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan
Imran Khan, Mian Mukhtar Ul Haq, Abrar Khan, Muhammad Rehman, Kashif Ali Samin, Muhammad Muslim Khan
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is one of the most unnoticed and undiagnosed psychiatric disorder. The symptoms of OCD tend to wax and wane over the course of time along with the progression of the disease. The chronic OCD symptoms lead to the pervasive impairments which affect many different domains of daily life. Many of the OCD patients often go unnoticed and do not seek professional help during the course of their illness. The following study was designed to assess the intensity of the symptoms and the demographic characteristics of OCD.
Place and Duration: It was amulti centers study conducted at Bashir Psychiatric Hospital, Khattak Medical Center Peshawar, Psychiatric Unit Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar, Bacha Khan Medical College / Mardan Medical Complex Mardan and Psychiatry department of Saidu Group of Teaching HospitalsSwat. Duration of study was one year from June 2019 to June 2020.
Methods: It was an observational study conducted different psychiatry hospital departments of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. A total of 200 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were selected. Once we had the permission from the patients, they were asked to fill a questionnaire. According to the Y-BOCS severity scale and axis I diagnoses (DSM-IV), patient’s responses were evaluated.
Results: Our findings demonstrated the average age of the patients was found to be 26.6 (SD±9.9) years. The adult respondents had severe OCD symptoms. Males had the greater tendency of developing anxiety disorders after suffering from OCD while females show the symptoms of major depressive disorders following OCD. Females acquire diabetes, and other disorders more easily than males after suffering from OCD.
Conclusion: This study will be helpful in determining the demographic status the disease prevalence and the gender specific incidence rate in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan along the intensity of the symptoms and the co-morbidity profile of OCD.
Key Words: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder,psychiatric disorder, Y-BOCS and DSM-IV.