Deficiency of Vitamin D Levels in First Trimester of Pregnancy among Primigravida Women
Amna Kazi,, Amna Aslam, Tanweer Akhtar, Tayyaba Rasheed, Robina Kousar
Aim: To determine the prevalence of deficiency of vitamin D levels in first trimester of pregnancy among primigravida women. Study design: Prospective, cross-sectional study Place and duration of study: Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore from 1st January 2020 to 30th June 2020. Methodology: Eighty primigravida women in their first trimester of pregnancy were included. Patients detailed demographics body mass index were recorded after taking written consent and aged between 18-45 years of age. Women in their first trimester of pregnancy were presented in this study. Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 [25 (OH) D3] levels were observed by taking blood samples from all patients.
Results: Mean age of the patients was 23.8±4.7 years with mean body mass index 20.08±2.91 kg/m2. The deficiency in serum vitamin D level (25 (OH) D3 <30 ng/mL) was found among 72 (90%) patients and only 8 (10%) women were found sufficient serum vitamin D level. Among 72 deficient women, 11 (13.75%) women were severely deficient (<10 ng/ml), 15 (18.75%) women were deficient (10-<20 ng/ml) and 46 (57.5%) women were insufficient (20-<30 ng/ml). Mean serum level of vitamin D deficiency was 14.1±2.34. Conclusion: The prevalence of deficiency of vitamin D levels in first trimester of pregnancy among primigravida women was significantly high. Keywords: First trimester, Primigravida, Vitamin D, Pregnancy