Rafia Ruaaz, Muhammad Bilal Bashir, Maryam Basim, Zohra Allana, Hussain Askary, Gulrukh Askary

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Technical Quality Assessment of Root Canal Treatment on ETP by Pre-Clinical Students at Fatima Jinnah Dental College

Rafia Ruaaz, Muhammad Bilal Bashir, Maryam Basim, Zohra Allana, Hussain Askary, Gulrukh Askary



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ABSTRACT

Background: Students at pre clinical level at Fatima Jinnah Dental College are taught root canal treatment on endodontic typodonts. Technical quality of the root canal treatments performed by these students was assessed to determine success of teaching methodology and reinforcement of tooth morphology concepts.

Methodology: In this cross-sectional study, obturation quality of 20 anterior and 30 posterior endodontic typodonts were evaluated on the parameters of length, density and taper. The collected data was evaluated using SPSS software, version 20.0. Chi square analysis was applied to compare the quality of root canal obturation between types of tooth. Kappa statistics was used for inter examiner reliability.

Results: After assessing the three variables, adequate length control was observed in (92.9%), while 7.1% of under filling was seen in both groups. Percentage of teeth showed homogeneity in obturation density that is 30%, 60% teeth showed acceptable, whereas 10% showed unacceptable obturation homogeneity. 55.6% teeth showed perfect obturation taper and 4% showed acceptable.

Conclusion: The obtained results showed root canal treatment quality done by Fatima Jinnah Dental College undergraduate dental students to be adequate on anterior endodontic typodont teeth as compared to posterior endodontic teeth. This will guide us in utilizing further demonstration hours and more practice time on posterior endodontic teeth. Our study also displayed the need of incorporating hands on practice of root canal treatments on extracted teeth before students are allowed to work on patients.

Keywords: Root Canal Treatment, Endodontic Typodont, Obturation, Preclinical.



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