S. A. H. Bokhari, F. N. El-Walid, S. Sanikommuo, A. J. Alnaim, A. A. Almulhim, G. Bu Khames, Z. Hababi, A. Hashim, A. R. Al-Otaibi

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An Assessment of Impact of Higher Education on Oral Health Knowledge, Practices and Lifestyle habits

S. A. H. Bokhari, F. N. El-Walid, S. Sanikommuo, A. J. Alnaim, A. A. Almulhim, G. Bu Khames, Z. Hababi, A. Hashim, A. R. Al-Otaibi



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ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess impact of higher education on oral health related knowledge, practices, and lifestyle habits among faculty of King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: In this descriptive study, a self-administered questionnaire including socio-demographic, oral health awareness, practices, and oral health status questions was distributed among faculty. Descriptive statistics, linear correlation, ANOVA, Independent t-test and logistic regression analysis were used using SPSS. A two-sided significance level of 5% was implied.

Results:  Fifty eight percent were males and 91% married. Mean age was 42.8±8.07 years. 66.5% had PhD, 42% were assistant professors. 22% had hypertension, 13.5% diabetes mellitus and elevated cholesterol (23%) and 10% were current smokers. 21% consumed soft drinks, 67% dairy products and 71% fruits daily. Most of the faculty (≥81%) showed a robust oral health related knowledge and 75% practiced oral hygiene measures and 65.5% visited dentist regularly. Almost half (49%) reported dental caries, 66% fillings, 31% gum bleeding, 55% missing teeth, and 24% had artificial teeth. There was a statistically significant difference between females and males regarding lifestyle habits and oral hygiene practices with a mean difference of (p<0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed a significant difference (p<0.001) with respect to gender, income.

Conclusion: In this study, majority of the University faculty had an acceptable oral health related knowledge, and demonstrated good oral hygiene practices with a significant impact of gender on oral hygiene practice and life style.  

Key words:  higher education, oral health knowledge, practices, lifestyle, university faculty.



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