M Arshman Khan, Talib Hussain, Bilal Z. Babar, Sikandar J. Bajwa,, S. Ghani, Faiza Gulfam, Afrasiab Khan. M. Khurshid, M Fayyaz

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Prevalence of Distal Cervical Caries in Mandibular Second Molar caused by impacted third molar

M Arshman Khan, Talib Hussain, Bilal Z. Babar, Sikandar J. Bajwa,, S. Ghani, Faiza Gulfam, Afrasiab Khan. M. Khurshid, M Fayyaz



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ABSTRACT

Aim: To analyse early recognition of the distal cervical caries of mandibular second molar caused by impacted mandibular third molar, to correlate oral health and caries status and to find out the average age groups and gender affected by impacted third molar

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 300 participants was conducted over a 15-month period at Rehmat Memorial Hospital, Abbottabad. 300 participants having impacted third molar having distal cervical caries in mandibular second molar were analyzed clinically and radiographically. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 23.0

Results: the demographic data of 300 patients with impacted mandibular third molars were analyzed. 64% were male and 36% female that have extractions due to impaction. Caries caused in more than half of participants by mesioangular impaction, which was 52%, 3% due to distoangular, 26% due to distal, and 18% due to horizontal impaction. In 63.25% of cases, teeth were lost due to caries, periodontitis caused 20.25% of tooth loss, pericoronitis 7.75%, orthodontics 3.75%, prosthodontics 1.2%, trauma 1%, and other factors were 2.5%. study reveals that 30.5 % of the extractions were done from 21 and 30 years and 23 %of extractions were performed. 40% of those who took part in the study did not brush their teeth. Socioeconomic status also has a great impact on tooth extractions.

Conclusion: After conducting this study, it was concluded that there was a relationship between the prevalence of distal cervical caries in mandibular second molars and the placement of neighbouring impacted mandibular third molars. As a result, the extraction of mandibular third molars should be done to avoid cavities and premature tooth loss in the neighboring molar.

Key words: Third molar impaction, distoangular, distal cervical caries, extraction, 2nd molar caries



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