Azhar Hussain, Mehwish Iftikhar, Amna Rizvi, Muhammad Latif, Muhammad Javed Ahmed, Saba Zartash,Talha Laique

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Outcomes of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease In Covid Positive Diabetic Patients: Cross Sectional Study

Azhar Hussain, Mehwish Iftikhar, Amna Rizvi, Muhammad Latif, Muhammad Javed Ahmed, Saba Zartash,Talha Laique



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ABSTRACT

Background: SARS-CoV-2 principally invades the respiratory system. ACE receptor are also abundant throughout the hepatobiliary system and their increased expression on hepatocyte make patients with NAFLD more vulnerable.

Aim: To see outcomes of COVID positive diabetic patients suffering from Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Study design: Cross Sectional Study.

Methodology: 150 diabetic and COVID PCR positive were recruited from COVID ward of Services Hospital in Lahore. Clinical parameters like BMI, SpO2, Hepatomegaly and lab parameters like HbA1C, AST ALT were noted in spreadsheet. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS v.25. Statistical significance for difference in proportions is calculated using Pearson’s Chi-Squared test. P less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Around 84(56%) were males and 66(44%) females, smoked were 27(18%), mean age (years) was 59.7333 ±11.35023, mean BMI (kg/m²) was 30.1425±7.30673, 87(58%) patients had NAFLD, who experienced sever disease (53.2%; ) and more mortalities (60.2%;  as compared to those who do not had condition.

Conclusion: We concluded that NAFLD makes COVID-19 infected patients more fragile. Such patients experienced sever disease and more mortalities however need of mechanical ventilation remains almost equal between those who has NAFLD and those who didn’t had.

Keywords:  Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, COVID-19, Diabetes, Mortality and Severity.



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