Aim: Prevalence and comparison of retinopathy and
sensorineural hearing loss in poorly managed diabetics
Methodology: A cross sectional study was designed with the
approval of the Ethical Review Board Committee. The study enrolled 50 people
who met the inclusion criteria. Anthropometric data were collected using standardized
procedures. All laboratory assays were performed on the initial visit to the
diabetes research center's laboratory. Tuning fork and PTA examinations of the
ears were performed. The scores of Rinne and Weber were recorded and
synchronised. Fundoscopy was used in ophthalmic investigations.
Results: The Rinne test was found to be normal in
50(100%) cases of population while Weber’s test was centralized in 43(86%) of
patients, 1(2%) case was lateralized to right, 5(10%)cases were lateralized to
left, 1(2%) case had moderate disease. PTA scores revealed mild disease in
1(2%), moderate 14(28%), severe 1(2%) and 34(68%) patients showed normal
results. Fundoscopy demonstrated normal results in 11(22%), Grade 1 retinopathy
in 15(30%), grade 2 RP in 17(34%) and grade 3 RP in 7(14%).
Conclusion: Retinopathy is more prevalent with poorly
managed diabetic individuals in
contrast to hearing impairment.
Key words: Retinopathy, Fundoscopy, Diabetes mellitus