Aqsa Naheed, Mahpara Mazhar, Sundus Fatima, Sakina Sadiq Malik, Sehar Ashraf, Asad Minhas

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Frequency and Correlation of Depression in Melasma Patients

Aqsa Naheed, Mahpara Mazhar, Sundus Fatima, Sakina Sadiq Malik, Sehar Ashraf, Asad Minhas



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ABSTRACT

Background: Melasma is hyper-pigmentation of skin, usually seen in young female adults, and previous studies have established substantial psychosocial burden associated with this disease.
Aim: To measure the frequency of depression in melasma patients and its correlation with severity of melasma
Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study.
Place and duration of study: Dermatology OPD, HIT Hospital Taxila from 1st January 2021 to 31st August 2021
Methods: One hundred consecutive patients of melasma diagnosed by a skin specialist were enrolled. Elderly patients aged >60 years, those with previous psychiatric disease or chronic illnesses and on long term streroids were not included. After getting written informed consent, enrolled patients were screened for depression using Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9)
Results: There were 17 males and 83 females. The mean age was 41.5±8.14 years. On MASI scale for assessing severity of melasma, 38 patients scored mild, 51 scored moderate and 11 scored severe. Using Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9) in patients with melasma, 18 patients didn’t have depression, 38 had mild depression, 31 had moderate depression, 6 had moderately severe depression and 7 had severe depression.
Conclusion: The frequency of depression is quite high in patients suffering from melasma. It indicates a need for prompt diagnosis, appropriate intervention at correct time to ensure patient’s compliance to therapy to improve his disease outcome.
Keywords: Depression, Melasma, Frequency



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